Literature is time and culture-specific. These two specificities typify Arsh Sehbai Jammu’s matchless poet-craftsman, who handed away on twentieth December 2020.
A poet’s poetry isn’t a matter of his decisions however his commitments. Arsh Sehbai’s poetry is the reflection of an moral dedication to society, mutual co-existence, secular aspiration of a creating nation, up to date happenings, eager for a greater life and higher humanity.
Arsh Sehbai was the second son of Madho Ram Abrol and Ramrakkhi who hailed from village Jib, within the Udhampur district. He was born on sixth December 1930, at his maternal grandfather’s home in Bhakhtan of Pallai Battal, Seri village, located within the north of Cchamb, Akhnoor. He misplaced his mom when he was solely 22 days previous and was raised by his grandmother. Later, his father moved to Jammu. He had early schooling at a faculty in Dhounthali and after passing matriculation from Ranbir Excessive College, accomplished F.A. from the GGM Science Faculty, Jammu.
Within the yr 1951, Arsh Sehbai left his first job in Regional Analysis Laboratory, Jammu, because the lab used animals in experiments. In 1955, he took up a job in All India Radio. Rising by ranks and postings to locations like Jodhpur, Delhi, Siliguri, Rohtak, Jammu, he retired in 1988 as an administrative officer from Doordarshan Kendra, Srinagar.
Arsh Sehbai lived an extended life and loved an lively literary life unfold over seven a long time. He witnessed nice adjustments, developments, and fashions, disruptions in politics, literature, and society. He inherited Urdu as a part of his schooling and used this language as a car of aesthetic pleasure and instruction. Principally a moralist, Arsh Sehbai’s world view is that of a thinker and an aesthete within the classical mould. In his works “there’s a uncommon mix of artwork for artwork sake and artwork for all times’s sake”. However he doesn’t sacrifice the aesthetics of poetry for artwork for all times’s sake. Exhibiting an amalgam of each timeless in addition to temporal, his couplets being easy, deep, and communicative are sometimes hummed by aficionados:
Dil (TO) Kya cheez hai, hum rooH meiN utter hote
Tum ne chaha hello nahin chaahne wallooN ke tarah
Arsh Sehbai was the heir of the grand custom of classical Urdu poetry. When he started his profession as a younger poet, he had the nice fortune to take a seat within the firm of stalwarts poets. He had early steering from Josh Malsyani (Pandit Labhu Ram from Malsyani, Punjab and who had remained a pupil of Daag Dehlavi). In consequence, his type has roots in communicative simplicity and classical neatness. However after preliminary instructions from Josh, Arsh Sehbai didn’t take anybody else as a grasp for correcting his poetry and trusted his personal style and craft.
Although, he tailored all main genres to precise his beliefs and commitments of life and society, it was ghazal that emerged as his forte. Poetry is a mind-set. That is true of Arsh Sehbai. His Ghazals are verbal compositions, compressed, commonplace and conversational in tone. It’s largely a language of the frequent man and near prose. His ghazals are easy, idiomatic and are available out as direct utterances:
Tum jo chhuo ge to badh jayen gi keemat apni
Geeli mitti hoon khilona hello bana daalo mujhe
As a romantic, having inherited a special set of values, Arsh was not interested in the depiction of the amorous however to the great thing about poetic expression. As an example:
Arsh Un ki jheel si aankhon ka iss mein kya kassor
Doobne waalon ko gehraayi ka andaaza na tha
Tu bade shouk se hum ko nazar andaaz kare
Hum tare saath rahein ge tera saaya ban kar
Noticeably ’making a departure from classicist like Daag Delhavi’s thematics, Arsh Sehbai’s poetic sensibility was alive to the post-Independence decay of the excessive values espoused by the liberty fighters:
Kabhi Saabat qadam rehte nanheen parvarda e zulmat
Sitaare kaampte hain jab saher nazdeek hoti hai
An writer of greater than 18 books and some of the celebrated poets of the J&Okay, he was 3 times bestowed with the State Award and lots of different honours. His chosen poems have been included in Urdu faculty textual content books in J&Okay. His inventive oeuvre has been taken up for analysis by M.Phil and Ph.D. by students of native in addition to outdoors universities. Dr. Kaushal Kiran Thakur’s M.Phil, thesis on Arsh Sehbai has been printed beneath the title Arsh Sehbai –Urdu Ghazal Ki Ahedsaaz Shakhsiyat. Different books written on his poetry embrace Shaad Sharfi’s Arsh Sehbai –Shakhsiyat aur Shayari, Gulam Gilani’s Ashri Aagahi ka Shaayer—-Arsh Sehbai. There are a lot of books on the works of Arsh Sehabai by researchers and students that are underprint.
A refreshing mixture of conventional and the up to date, he was not dedicated to any political ideology, which saved him from being dogmatic. It’s the sympathetic humanism that shines forth in his works.
Nonetheless, he’s by no means loud in his poetry and doesn’t overstate his beliefs: Waqt ki ye sitam zareefi hai/ varna insaaN bura nahin hota
In his Ghazals, together with mushy sentiments, the cruel realities additionally discover equal emphasis. He’s the moralist who’s in the hunt for clear fact like a classicist:
Mahelon mein kya milega vafa ka sUraag Arsh/
YE cheez jhonpadon ki hai, un mein talaash kar/
This linguistic self-discipline is the hallmark of Arsh Sehbai’s poetry.
Iss ki fitrat principal nahin hai rukhna,
Waqt daryaa hai behta rehtaa hai
A sympathetic humanist, he was explicit about the usage of phrases. He used them with a jeweler’s precision. He wrote poetry with a function, with the intention to coach and polish the style of the reader.
Is ke har manzar per mit jaa, iss ka pasmanzar na dekh
Zindagi Ik khol hai Is khol ke ander na dekh
Kya zaroori hai ke yeh dukh baAntne waalae bhi hoUn
Milne waalon se kabhi mil kar pareshaani na kar
In a ghazal, a style so mysterious, versatile, timeless, and fashionable, even when one couplet seems to be of some value is a tribute to the style. Fortunately, within the case of Arsh Sehbai, there’s a parade of such couplets which elevate him as a grasp poet-smith and etch his identify on the firmament of recent Urdu poetry of the sub-continent.
Kiss ghaat par utarna hai mujhe nahin maaloom
Kagaz ki hoon ik naao samandar mein rawan hoon
Kya zaroori hai ke yeh dukh bantne waalae bhi hon
Milne waalon se kabhi jikar pareshaani na kar
Dil ka lahu na nachod enjoyable ki talaash kar
Iss be shau’r daur mein fiqr mauash kar
Arsh jo dard mein dubae huye dil se nikle
Chand’ shol’e bhi lapakte hein iss aawaz ke saath
Hum safar hai aafton ka ik hajoom
Zindagi mein principal kabhi tanha nahin
The listing of books by Arsh Sehbai
1. Sikasht-e-Jaam————- 1958
2. Anjum Kada—(Tazqara)—— 1963
3. Sagufa-e- Gul————— 1964
4. Jeh Jaane Pehchane Log—– 1966
5. Saleeb ———————– 1971
6. Asloob———————— 1976
7. Jeh Jhonpade Jeh Log——— 1991
8. Reza Reza Vajood———- 1991
9. Assab—————————– 2002
10. Naayaab Hai—————- 2004
11. Tawaazan———————– 2005
12. Cheshm-e-Neembaaz———— 2007
13. Aks-e-Jamaal——————– 2007
14. Kushboo Tere Badan Ki——– 2009
15. Tere Bin Chain Kahan–(Dohe)- 2009
16. Di Ke khawab Adhoore———-
17. Khad-o-Khal———————— 2008
18. Shabnam Teri Yadoon Ki—– 2010
19. Saaye Teri Yadoon Ke——— 2010
20. Jawaaz—————————- 2011
21. Dastaras————————– 2017
22. Teri Purfashoon Nigahein—— 2019